Ad House Gallery
The Bauhaus Room is a minimalistic residential space. It is decorated in the tradition of the German Modernist Movement that came to be at the Bauhaus Art School in Germany. Bauhaus was a modern design movement that began c. 1914, Germany. It called teachers masters and students apprentices & journeymen to show that the school was grounded in real world, not academia. Used workshops, not classrooms. No graphic style was evident at first at Bauhaus.
As one of the foundations of modernism, perhaps the 20th century’s most pervasive and influential design movement, it is hard to understate its influence. Baushaus designs are reflected daily, from the Formica countertops in half the kitchens in America to the glass-and-steel skyscrapers in cities. The Bauhaus school was only open for fourteen years, with thirty-three faculty and 1250 students. However, the Bauhaus influence is far greater.
Bauhaus encouraged students to design everyday, useful items for the middle class instead of just the elite. Bauhaus was responsible for the creation of a plethora of items; stools, teapots, lamps, rugs and more were all manufactured within its walls.
Fine Art at Bauhaus
Abstract expressionism was very influential for the Bauhaus students.
In 1923, an exhibit allotted Bauhaus international exposure.
In 1924, existing tensions between the Weimar and the Bauhaus school grew until both the faculty and students of Bauhaus decided to leave. Gropius moved Bauhaus to the small town of Dessau in 1925 and built their new school the following year. During this time, the Bauhaus style that’s known today came into maturity, taking de Stijl and constructivism to another level. From here, participants developed product design, furniture, architecture, type and more.
Form Follows Function: let the needs, dictate the style, was the hallmark of school by late 1920s. The style is defined by absences of frills and ornamentation, even on the type.
Herbert Bayer was former Bauhaus student and head of the printing and advertising department.
Examples of sans serif type:
– Gill Sans: England, 1928-30. London Underground, BBC, Church of England
– Futura: Paul Renner, 1928. Volkswagen, Swissair
– Univers: (1956-57): The famous Universe type is one of the most versatile and well-known font families of all time. Swiss style of design
– Helvetica: late 1950’s
Less is More In 1928, Gropius left Bauhaus and returned to private architectural practice, while Bayer and Moholy-Nagy both moved to Berlin. Joost Schmidt introduced a larger type vocabulary and helped design exhibitions (booths). Ludwig Mies van der Rohe became head of the architectural program for Bauhaus in 1930, developing his famed through his “less is more” beliefs.
The New Bauhaus In 1931, the growing Nazi Party labeled modernism as “Degenerative Art” and began the ultimate closure of Bauhaus. They even held a Degenerative Art exhibition in 1937 ß counteract or complement? From there the Gestapo started purging the school of these “Cultural Bolsheviks.”
The faculty closed the school and fled to various locations. Gropius and Marcel Breuer travelled to Harvard; Moholy-Nagy led to Chicago to found the New Bauhaus. Herbert Bayer moved to New York City then to Colorado, where he held court at the Aspen Institute. Today this is known as the Institute of Design.
The Whitney Museum in New York City is a clear example of Bauhaus architecture. The rooms on the inside are the same way — many big white boxes. They even managed to make the stairwells boxy.
This boxy format can come off as austere, harsh or cold, like much of modernism. But the minimalism and use of negative space are epochal. They strike at a central human appreciation for minimalism.
See our featured pieces